The Satpura National Park is located in the district of Pachmarhi of the state of Madhya Pradesh, spread over an area of 524 sq. km. It was notified, as a National Park in 1983.The terrain is hilly. The forest cover can be classified as mixed deciduous. Teak and Sal trees grow in abundance.
Tiger, Sambar, Leopard, Gaur and Chital represent wildlife in the park.
The best period to visit the park is between January-June. The nearest railway station is at Piparia (54 km), the nearest airport is at Bhopal (190 km) and the nearest town is Pachmarhi (1 km). Accommodation is available at the Forest Rest House at Pachmarhi.
|Area||524 Sq. km.|
|Year Of Notification||1983|
|Vegetation||Mixed deciduous Forest|
|Period For Visit||January June(Recommended)|
|Nearest Town||Panchmarhi (1km)|
|Nearest Rly Station||Piparia (54 km)|
|Nearest Airport||Bhopal (190 km)|
|Accommodation||Forest Rest House At Panchmarhi|
The Bandhavgarh National Park is situated in the Santhal district of Madhya Pradesh. In 1968 an area of 106-sq. km. was notified as a national park. In 1986, two adjoining Sal rich forests were added to the park. Today the Bandhavgarh National Park extends over an area of 450 sq. km. However, it is the central 100-sq. km. area of the park, which is rich in wildlife.
In the central area of the park, there are 32 hills. There are numerous streams in the park, prominent among them being the CHARGANGA, with its source near the Bandhavgarh fort.
The vegetation is mixed. There are thick Sal forests, grasslands, large stretches of bamboo, and at higher altitudes grow the Saj, Saja and Sah.
The Bandhavgarh fort dominates the park. It stands at an altitude of 800 m. and offers birds eye view of the park. Prior permission to visit the park has to be obtained. The fort belongs to the erstwhile royal family of Rewa. In fact, the Maharaja of Rewa is known as 'BANDHAVDHISH' the lord of Bandhavgarh. Legend has it that the same monkeys who built the bridge between India and Lanka, to enable Lord Rama to vanquish Ravana, the King of Lanka, erected the fort. Besides the fort, the park area is dotted with ancient ruins. There are number of statues and temples. One of the temples is dedicated to LAKSHMAN, The brother of Lord Rama. There is also a 10th century rock statue of Lord Vishnu.
It is difficult to reach the park, if one is dependent on public transport. Also your pocket may seem much lighter. But what weighs in favour of a visit to the park is that, the odds of seeing the magnificent white tiger in his natural home is much higher in any other reserve, for the simple reason that it boasts of the largest density of tigers. Also the professional guides have efficient communication facilities along with being experts in tracking tigers.
Besides the tiger, the visitors may chance upon the following members of wildlife who have also made this national park their home SAMBAR MUNJAC, RHESUS MACAQUE, JUNGLE CATS, HYAENAS, PORCUPINE, WILD PIGS, INDIAN BISON, CHINKAPA, NILGAIL, CHAUSINGHA and CHITAL. The park is also endowed with a rich avian fauna. One can spot the White Bellied drongo, Jerdon's leaf birds, Parakeets, Blossom Headed Parakeets, Blue Bearded Bee Eater, Green Pigeons, Malabar Horn hills, Steppe Eagle, White browned Fantail and the spectacular Paradise Flycatcher.
The park is open from November to June. It is closed during the breeding season, which extends from July November. It is best to visit the park during Dec. March, as the weather is pleasant. Also the Indian Bison (GAUR) is visible in the months of March/April. The park is best explored on jeep, which are available on hire at Bandhavgarh. Elephant safaris are no longer allowed. To reach Bandhavgarh from Jabalpur (by train), one has to entrain for KATNI and from Katni, take southeastern railway service to Umeria, which is the nearest railhead and town to the park (35-km). The nearest airport is at Jabalpur (195 km).
|Area||450 Sq. km.|
|Year of Notification||1968|
|Special Status||Along with Kanha home of White Tigers, Highest Tiger density|
|Vegetation||Mixed (Subtropical forests)|
|Period for Visit||November June, July Nov. (closed) Dec. March (Recommended)|
|Nearest Town||Umaria (35 km)|
|Nearest Railway Station||Umaria (35 km)|
|Nearest Airport||Khajuraho (210 km) Jabalpur (195 km)|
|Accommodation||Forest Rest houses (AC Non-AC), Jungle camps, MPTDC White Tigers Lodge.|
In the MANDLA, Balaghat district of the state of Madhya Pradesh, is the spectacular Kanha National Park. Spread over an area of 940 sq.km. at an altitude ranging between 450 m. to 900 m., this many splendoured parks attracts a large number of visitors. It enjoys special status as a tiger reserve and is part of the prestigious PROJECT TIGER.
The park is located in the Kanha valley. There are streams at KISLI, MUKKI and KANHA, where a large number of water birds congregate. The vegetation mainly consists of grasslands. There are also Sal forests and tracts of bamboo. On the whole, the vegetation can be classified as mixed deciduous.
The prime attraction at Kanha is the V.I.A. (Very Important Animal) of the park THE WHITE TIGER. There were only 40 tigers at the park in 1973 (year of the launch of Project Tiger). However, efforts made under the project sow a nearly 50% increase in the tiger population by 1979. The park authorities conduct shows which are dubbed as TIGER SHOWS. In the visitor centre, during 7 A.M. 10.30 A.M. and 4 P.M. to 6 P.M., the visitors are entertained and informed about the flora and fauna of the park. Thereafter, conducted elephant safaris and jeeps take the visitor to an area where the tigers can be easily spotted.
Another major attraction of the park is the magnificent Barasinghas. Heavy poaching of this animal (hunters covet its alters) brought down their number from nearly 30,000 in the thirties to only 66 in 1970. However, concerted efforts have lead to marginal increase in their population.
The large meadows at Kanha also support a large population of Chital (16,000 as per an estimate 1980). However, there are a large number of predators (Tiger, Leopard, Wild Dog and Jackal) who hunt this graceful animal. But as they are prolific breeders, their numbers have not dwindled drastically. Besides the Chital, the Black Buck (facing extinction) and Sambar (1500 1979 census) are also found.
The magnificent Indian Bison too, can be sighted in the park. At Kanha, they are mostly found at Bamhnidadar during early morning or late afternoon.
The other wildlife residents of this park are the Banking Deer, Common Langur, the Sloth Bear, Wild Pig and Porcupine.
Kanha also holds attraction for bird lovers. Among the birds found here are the Green bee-eater, Green Pigeon, Golden Oriole, Painted Spur fowl, Warbler, Indian Pitta, Racket tailed Drongo, Grey Hornbill and the spectacular Peacocks. Also, around the water bodies can be found the Black Ibis, Storks, White breasted Kingfishers, etc.
The ideal period to visit Kanha is during the months of February and November when the weather is very pleasant. December and January are very cold, with zero temperature. The park is closed during the monsoon period i.e. June-September. The park can be explored by jeeps or on elephants. It is easy for visitors to approach Kanha from Jabalpur. It takes 5-6 hours by bus to reach Kisli (gate). Visitors have to register at Khatia hamlet. To reach Mukki one has to catch the afternoon bus from Mandla to Malakhand/Khatia.
Accommodation is plentiful but it is advisable to book in advance. Accommodation is mainly available around Kisli, as it is easily approachable by public transport. There is a MPTDC run Forest lodge in Mukki. For the budget conscious, Youth hostel Kanha is the best option. Other places where a visitor can stay are, Indian Adventures (Khatia), Kipling Kamp (near Khatia), MPTDC Log Huts (at Kishi), Kanha safari Lodge (Mukki), Jungle Camp (Khatia).
|AREA||940 Sq. km.|
|YEAR OF NOTIFICATION||1976|
|ALTITUDE||450 900 Mts.|
|EXCLUSIVE||Panoramic view of the camp from Bamhidadar (850 Mt).|
|RECOMMENDED PERIOD FOR VISIT||Feb. and Nov.|
|NEAREST TOWN||Mandla (65 km)|
|NEAREST RLY STATION||Jabalpur (160 km)|
|NEAREST AIRPORT||Nagpur (226 km)|
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